Jump Main Menu. Go directly to the main content (Acces key S)

We use our own and third-party cookies to improve our services. If you continue to browse, we will assume that you consent to their use. You can obtain further information, or learn how to change the settings, in our cookies policy.

The Princess of Asturias Foundation

Sección de idiomas

Languages

Fin de la sección de idiomas

Search

Sección de utilidades

Fin de la sección de utilidades

Start of Secondary Menu End of Secondary Menu

Laureates  

Start of main content

Frederick W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela

Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation 1992

The work of Frederick Willem de Klerk and Nelson R. Mandela has contributed to peace and development in South Africa.

Frederick W. de Klerk

See more

Frederick Willem de Klerk was born in Johannesburg on the 18th March 1936. He graduated in Law in 1958 and set up in legal practice in Vereeniging. Soon afterwards, he began his political activities.

He was elected as parliamentary deputy for Vereeniging in 1972. Six years later he became a member of the Cabinet and held office in several different ministries. On the 1st July 1985 he was elected as President of the Assembly Cabinet, and Head of the Assembly on the 1st December 1986. On the 15th September 1989 he succeeded Pieter Botha as President of South Africa.

Mandela was freed during President De Klerk's term of office. From their respective positions, both Mandela and De Klerk have negotiated for the great reforms that are gradually making it possible to abolish the apartheid system of racial segregation in South Africa, a policy which until very recently had resulted in the practically complete isolation of the country from the rest of the world.

Nelson Mandela

See more

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Mvezo, Union of South Africa, 1918 – Johannesburgo, Gauteng, South Africa, 2013), Transkei, the son of a head of the Royal House of Tembu. He began to study Law at the University of Fort Hare, but was expelled for promoting a student strike in 1940, being forced to continue his studies at Witwatersrand.

A member of the African National Congress (ANC) since 1944, in 1952 he directed the "Defiance Campaign", after which he was banned from holding official positions in the ANC or taking part in assemblies until 1958. In 1962, he was sentenced to five years' imprisonment for incitement to strike and leaving South Africa illegally. Two years later he was sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiracy and incitement to violent revolution.

After being freed on the 11th February 1990, Nelson Mandela was appointed National President of the ANC. Since then he has received numerous prizes and has been made a doctor honoris causa of many different universities throughout the world, including the Complutense University of Madrid and the University of Seville.

Mandela was freed during President De Klerk's term of office. From their respective positions, both Mandela and De Klerk have negotiated for the great reforms that are gradually making it possible to abolish the apartheid system of racial segregation in South Africa, a policy which until very recently had resulted in the practically complete isolation of the country from the rest of the world.

Mandela died on December 5, 2013.

End of main content

Sección de utilidades

Fin de la sección de utilidades