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Enrique V. Iglesias

Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation 1982

Enrique Iglesias (El Franco, Asturias, España, 1930 - ) graduated from the University of the Republic of Uruguay in Economics and Business Administration in 1953, and went on to pursue specialized programs of study in the United States and France.

In 1954 Iglesias began his professional career in the private sector as managing director of the bank Unión de Bancos del Uruguay. From 1964 to 1967 he was Uruguay's delegate to the meetings of the Latin American Free Trade Association and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and he was also Uruguay's representative to the Inter-American Committee of the Alliance for Progress.

In the academic field he was professor of economic development at Uruguay's University of the Republic, and he was director of that university's Institute of Economy. He was a member of the board of directors of the Latin American Council of Social Sciences, and he attended several courses offered by ECLAC, the Latin American Institute for the Integration, and the Latin American Institute for Economic and Social Development (ILPES). In 1965 he became a member of the board of directors of ILPES, and he was president of that institution from 1967 to 1972. In 1968 Iglesias headed a group of experts that worked with economist Raúl Prebisch in preparing a study on the economic situation of Latin America.

Iglesias was minister of External Relations for Uruguay from 1985 to 1988; executive secretary of the United Nations' Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) from 1972 to 1985; secretary general of the United Nations' Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy held in Kenya in 1981; and chairman of the conference that launched the Uruguay Round of Trade Negotiations under the aegis of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in 1986. He was president of Uruguay's Central Bank from 1966 to 1968.

Iglesias has written many articles and papers on Latin American and Uruguayan economic concerns, including Uruguay's exchange system, capital markets, the nature and scope of the external financing problem, the struggle for multilateralism, and the IDB policies in the 1960s. He is the author of Latin America on the Threshold of the 1980s, The Energy Challenge, and Development and Equity: The Challenge of the 1980s

International awards and prizes received by Iglesias include the Favorite Son of Asturias award; the Order of Rio Branco, Grade of Grand Cross (Brazil); the Grand Cross Silver Plaque granted by the Council of the National Order of Juan Mora Fernández, the highest award of the Costa Rican executive branch; the Order of the Legion of Honor of the French Republic (Commandeur); and the Grand Cross of Isabel the Catholic (Spain). He has also received the highest national awards given by Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Italy, Korea, México, Paraguay, Perú and Venezuela.

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